Orthodontics is a part of dentistry that specialises in the prevention and correction of bone and teeth problems. Its objective is to improve the position of the teeth, the formation of the tooth arches, the bite, and the working of the chewing system. It also plays a major part in the aesthetics of the person’s smile.
Is there a correct age to undergo orthodontic treatment?
The ideal age will be decided by the specialist, depending on each patient’s needs. It is very important to get an early diagnosis. This means that the treatment will be more successful if started at the correct age. Therefore, it is important for the specialist to see the patient at a young age in order to plan out future treatment, if it is necessary.
What are the benefits of orthodontics?
Orthodontics plays a very important role in the improvement of oral health. It can equal out the teeth and spaces in between, thus achieving a beautiful, perfect smile. At the same time, the health of the mouth benefits, as the correction of badly positioned teeth will improve the ability to brush and clean the teeth correctly, thus avoiding caries and gum disease.
What problems can arise if orthodontic treatment is necessary but is not carried out?
It is difficult to predict exactly the problems that will arise, but if a child who needs orthodontic treatment is not provided with it, there will be problems in the future. He/ she most probably will have misaligned teeth, which will be prone to wear down the enamel, teeth may be lost, and there will be swelling of the gums, bad breath due to the difficulty in obtaining oral hygiene or problems with the temporomandibular joint (the joint where the upper and lower jaws meet).
Can orthodontic treatment be carried out at any age?
The answer is yes, orthodontic treatment can be carried out no matter what the age of the patient may be. Age is not a limiting factor for orthodontic treatment. In fact, nowadays it is getting common to see many adults undergoing this treatment in order to achieve more aesthetic teeth and better oral hygiene.
At what age should I take my child to the specialist in orthodontics?
It is important to take a child to the dentist at an early age in order to prevent caries, or decay of the teeth. At the same time any misalignment of the bone or the teeth, if diagnosed early, will make easier and shorten the time needed for orthodontic treatment. From a very early age, a child may have certain bad habits that affect the correct development and growth of the teeth and the bone. The opinion of the orthodontic specialist is fundamental in order to detect any alteration in the child’s oral development, which if found in time, can be completely eliminated.
Is orthodontics only important for its aesthetic aspect?
No, certainly not. A correct chewing function is only possible if the teeth are correctly aligned, and this helps a better digestion of food. It is also possible that frequent headaches may be due to the defective action of the jaw joint.
How long does orthodontic treatment usually take?
As every treatment plan is personally adapted to the patient it differs, but nowadays it is usually between 12 and 24 months.